Nizhny Novgorod is referred to as the third capital or «a pocket of Russia». The city is located about 400 km east of Moscow. Nizhny Novgorod was founded in 1221 by duke Jury Vsevolodovich as a frontier. The town became one of the principal trade centers of Russia after the greatest fair moved here. Prosperity and wellbeing of Nizhny Novgorod was legendary.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is a fortress in Nizhny Novgorod. It is the principal tourist attraction of the city. Costruction of the stone Kremlin started in the beggining of the XVIth century. As a result a whole stone city was constructed for protection from the Tatars. The fortress had a permanent garnisson with solid artillery weapons. You can have a tour on defensive wall and see the Kremlin (you should buy tickets in the Tower of Demetrius).
According to the legend, the famous library of Ivan the Terrible was hidden somewhere in Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin casemates. The library has not been found so far (if it exists at all!).
Nizhny Novgorod Fair
In XIXth century the Nizhny Novgorod Fair was one of the largest and most popular fairs in the Volga region and Russia in general. Almost half of total export production of Russia was sold in the fair. Merchants from China, Mongolia, Northland, and from different ends of Empire of cause, came here. The fair ceased in 1929. Nowadays there is an exhibition center in the fair building.
Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Sovnarkomovskaya str., 13
Pechersky Ascension Monastery
It is said that one needs to visit Pechersky Monastery to feel the spirit of Nizhny Novgorod. The monastery had been founded in 1328, but then the building was completely destroyed by landslide. The church was rebuilt about one kilometer upstream of the old site.
For many years the Church was the cultural and religious center of Novgorod. This is the place where archimandrite Theodosius was persuading Dimitry Pozharsky to become a head of national levy.
The monastery was closed in 1924, and reopened again in 1994. Nowadays Pechersky Monastery is a functional friary. About 20 monks live in the monastery.
Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Privolzhskaya str., 108686